Bone marrow is the soft spongy tissue in your bones that contains stem cells that constantly produce blood cells and supply them into the blood stream. These stem cells have the potential to develop into muscle, bone cartilage, or blood vessel cells. They can also have an effect on the chemistry and biology of a joint by muting or elimination chronic inflammation. When introduces into damages tissue, they can promote healing and tissue regeneration leading to reduced pain and improved function.
Bone marrow aspiration is a minimally invasive office procedure performed under local anesthesia with little or no pain. It has fewer side effects compared to surgery. Some pain can be expected at the harvest and injection sites for a few days for which analgesic are prescribed.